Archaeology

Download E-books Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights, Vol. 2: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 (Fortress 19) PDF

By Stephen Turnbull

The unique pressured conversion of pagan Livonia, what's now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was once performed by way of an army order referred to as the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order was once integrated into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic army defeat. The knights had consistently consolidated their conquests via networks of castles and fortified areas, and the Livonian bankruptcy of the Teutonic Order outfitted castles of stone. This name covers the developmental and operational heritage of those fortresses over the size of the center a long time. It info how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights advanced to mirror the altering nature of siege struggle and the expanding dominance of gunpowder in battle.

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Read or Download Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights, Vol. 2: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 (Fortress 19) PDF

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