By Stephen Turnbull
The unique pressured conversion of pagan Livonia, what's now the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, was once performed by way of an army order referred to as the Brethren of the Sword. In 1236 this order was once integrated into the Teutonic Knights following a catastrophic army defeat. The knights had consistently consolidated their conquests via networks of castles and fortified areas, and the Livonian bankruptcy of the Teutonic Order outfitted castles of stone. This name covers the developmental and operational heritage of those fortresses over the size of the center a long time. It info how the Baltic fortifications of the Teutonic Knights advanced to mirror the altering nature of siege struggle and the expanding dominance of gunpowder in battle.
Read or Download Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights, Vol. 2: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 (Fortress 19) PDF
Best Archaeology books
Eire is a rustic wealthy in archaeological websites. eire: An Oxford Archaeological advisor presents the last word guide to this interesting background. protecting the total island of eire, from Antrim to Wexford, Dublin to Sligo, the publication includes over 250 plans and illustrations of Ireland's significant archaeological treasures and covers websites courting from the time of the 1st settlers in prehistoric occasions correct as much as the 17th century.
Bathing in antiquity elevates a prosaic functionality to the extent of a civic establishment for which there's no counterpart in modern tradition. Enriched by way of over 500 illustrations, a lot of them by way of the writer, Baths and Bathing in Classical Antiquity is a vital sourcebook for this historical establishment.
Old archaeologists frequently turn into so all in favour of their potsherd styles they seldom have time or power left to handle the wider strategies responsi ble for the fabric tradition styles they realize. a few ofus haveurged our colleagues to take advantage of the old list as a springboard from which to release hypotheses with which to raised comprehend the behavioral and cultural seasoned cesses chargeable for the archaeological checklist.
This very important e-book is a set at the a variety of methods archaeologists and source managers have devised to make to be had and interpret submerged cultural assets for the general public, comparable to underwater archaeological preserves, shipwreck trails, and land-based interpretive media and literature. This quantity is a useful source to underwater archaeologists, cultural and historical past source managers, museum and history educators and people learning those professions.
Extra info for Crusader Castles of the Teutonic Knights, Vol. 2: The Stone Castles of Latvia and Estonia, 1185-1560 (Fortress 19)